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Other disorders of middle ear mastoid Save

ICD-10 code: H74

Chapter: Diseases of the ear and mastoid process

Other Disorders of Middle Ear Mastoid

The middle ear consists of three small bones called ossicles that transmit sound waves from the eardrum to the inner ear. The mastoid is a bone located behind the ear that is connected to the middle ear. It contains air cells that help to maintain air pressure in the middle ear. However, several disorders can affect the middle ear mastoid, causing various symptoms such as hearing loss, pain, and discharge.

  1. Mastoiditis: This is a bacterial infection of the mastoid bone. It usually occurs as a complication of untreated middle ear infections. Symptoms include fever, ear pain, swelling behind the ear, and drainage from the ear. Treatment includes antibiotics and sometimes surgery to drain the infected fluid.
  2. Cholesteatoma: This is an abnormal growth of skin cells inside the middle ear. It can cause hearing loss, discharge, and a foul odor. If left untreated, it can erode the bones of the middle ear and mastoid. Treatment includes surgery to remove the growth and repair any damage to the middle ear.
  3. Otosclerosis: This is a condition where the bones of the middle ear become immobilized, causing hearing loss. It is caused by abnormal bone growth around the stapes bone, one of the ossicles. Treatment includes surgery to replace the affected bone with a prosthetic device.
  4. Middle Ear Tumors: Tumors can develop in the middle ear or mastoid. They can cause hearing loss, pain, and facial weakness. Treatment depends on the type and location of the tumor but may include surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy.
  5. Eustachian Tube Dysfunction: The Eustachian tube connects the middle ear to the back of the throat. Dysfunction of this tube can cause pressure changes in the middle ear, leading to symptoms such as ear pain, fullness, and ringing. Treatment includes medications and sometimes surgery to open up the Eustachian tube.

If you experience any symptoms of a middle ear mastoid disorder, it is essential to seek medical attention promptly. Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent complications and improve outcomes. Your doctor may refer you to an ear, nose, and throat specialist (ENT) for further evaluation and management.

Diagnosis Codes for Other disorders of middle ear mastoid | H74

Not Available