Other disorders of vestibular function digital illustration

Other disorders of vestibular function Save

ICD-10 code: H81.8X

Chapter: Diseases of the ear and mastoid process

Other Disorders of Vestibular Function

Vestibular disorders are conditions that affect the inner ear and the brain's ability to process balance and spatial orientation. While some of the more common disorders include Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) and Meniere's Disease, there are other less common disorders that can also affect the vestibular system. Here are a few of them:

  1. Vestibular Neuritis: This disorder occurs when the vestibular nerve, which connects the inner ear to the brain, becomes inflamed. Symptoms include sudden dizziness, vertigo, nausea, and vomiting. It can be caused by a viral infection or an autoimmune disorder.
  2. Labyrinthitis: This is another disorder that affects the inner ear and causes inflammation of the labyrinth, a structure in the inner ear that helps with balance and spatial orientation. Symptoms include dizziness, vertigo, hearing loss, and nausea. It can also be caused by a viral infection.
  3. Migraine-associated Vertigo: This disorder is associated with migraines and can cause vertigo, dizziness, and balance problems. It can be difficult to diagnose as it often occurs without a headache.
  4. Bilateral Vestibulopathy: This disorder occurs when both vestibular systems in the inner ear are damaged or destroyed. Symptoms include dizziness, vertigo, and problems with balance and spatial orientation.
  5. Superior Canal Dehiscence Syndrome: This is a rare disorder that occurs when there is a hole in the bone that surrounds the superior semicircular canal in the inner ear. Symptoms include dizziness, vertigo, and hearing loss. It can be treated with surgery.

If you are experiencing symptoms of a vestibular disorder, it is important to see a doctor who specializes in these conditions. Treatment may include medication, physical therapy, or surgery depending on the specific disorder and severity of symptoms.

To prevent vestibular disorders from occurring, it is important to protect your ears from loud noises and to avoid head injuries. If you have a history of migraines, managing your migraines may also help prevent associated vertigo.

Overall, while vestibular disorders can be challenging to manage, there are many treatment options available. By working with a healthcare professional and taking proactive steps to prevent these conditions, you can improve your quality of life and reduce the impact of vestibular disorders on your daily activities.