Other inflammatory polyneuropathies digital illustration

Other inflammatory polyneuropathies Save

ICD-10 code: G61.8

Chapter: Diseases of the nervous system

Other Inflammatory Polyneuropathies

Inflammatory polyneuropathies are a group of disorders that affect the peripheral nervous system. The peripheral nervous system is responsible for transmitting messages between the brain and the body's muscles and organs. Inflammatory polyneuropathies occur when the body's immune system mistakenly attacks the peripheral nerves.

There are several types of inflammatory polyneuropathies, including:

  1. Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP) - This condition is characterized by progressive weakness and sensory loss in the arms and legs. It is caused by damage to the myelin sheath that covers the peripheral nerves.
  2. Multifocal Motor Neuropathy (MMN) - This condition causes weakness and muscle wasting in the arms and legs. It is caused by damage to the motor nerves that control muscle movement.
  3. Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (AIDP) - This condition is also known as Guillain-Barré syndrome. It causes rapid onset of muscle weakness and can lead to paralysis. It is caused by inflammation of the peripheral nerves.
  4. Miller Fisher Syndrome (MFS) - This condition is a variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome that affects the cranial nerves. It causes double vision, difficulty swallowing, and difficulty with coordination.
  5. Chronic Relapsing Inflammatory Optic Neuropathy (CRION) - This condition causes inflammation of the optic nerve, leading to vision loss. It can relapse and remit over time.

Treatment for inflammatory polyneuropathies typically involves medications to suppress the immune system and reduce inflammation. Physical therapy can also be helpful in maintaining muscle strength and flexibility.

If you experience symptoms of an inflammatory polyneuropathy, such as muscle weakness, sensory loss, or difficulty with coordination, it is important to see a healthcare provider for evaluation and treatment.