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Other orthopoxvirus infections Save

ICD-10 code: B08.09

Chapter: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

Other Orthopoxvirus Infections: Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

Orthopoxviruses are a family of viruses that can cause a wide range of diseases in humans and animals. While smallpox is the most well-known orthopoxvirus infection, there are other types of orthopoxvirus infections that can occur. In this article, we will discuss the symptoms, treatment, and prevention of other orthopoxvirus infections.

Symptoms of other Orthopoxvirus Infections

Other orthopoxvirus infections can cause symptoms similar to smallpox, such as fever, headache, muscle aches, and a rash. However, the rash may look different, depending on the type of orthopoxvirus involved. For example, cowpox virus can cause a blistering rash on the hands and face, while monkeypox virus can cause a rash that spreads to the entire body.

Treatment of other Orthopoxvirus Infections

There are no specific treatments for other orthopoxvirus infections. However, supportive care can help manage symptoms and prevent complications. This may include taking pain relievers, drinking plenty of fluids, and getting rest. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary.

Prevention of other Orthopoxvirus Infections
  1. Vaccination: While there is no vaccine specifically for other orthopoxvirus infections, the smallpox vaccine can provide some protection. The vaccine is no longer routinely given, but it may be recommended for certain people, such as laboratory workers who handle orthopoxviruses.

  2. Handwashing: Good hand hygiene can help prevent the spread of orthopoxviruses. Be sure to wash your hands frequently and thoroughly with soap and water, especially after touching animals or animal products.

  3. Avoid contact with infected animals: Other orthopoxvirus infections can be transmitted through direct contact with infected animals or their bodily fluids. If you must handle animals, take precautions such as wearing gloves and washing your hands afterwards.

  4. Isolation: People with other orthopoxvirus infections should be isolated to prevent the spread of the virus. This may involve staying home from work or school and avoiding contact with others until the rash has healed.


While smallpox is the most well-known orthopoxvirus infection, there are other types of orthopoxvirus infections that can occur. Symptoms can vary depending on the type of virus involved, but treatment typically involves supportive care. Prevention measures such as vaccination, handwashing

Diagnosis Codes for Other orthopoxvirus infections | B08.09