Panuveitis digital illustration

Panuveitis Save

ICD-10 code: H44.11

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Panuveitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Panuveitis is a type of uveitis that affects all three layers of the eye, including the iris, ciliary body, and choroid. It's a rare condition that can cause severe eye pain, blurred vision, and even blindness if left untreated.

Causes of Panuveitis

There are several potential causes of panuveitis, including infections, autoimmune disorders, systemic diseases, and trauma. Some of the most common causes include:

  1. Infections such as tuberculosis, syphilis, or herpesvirus
  2. Autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus
  3. Systemic diseases such as sarcoidosis or Behcet's disease
  4. Trauma to the eye
Symptoms of Panuveitis

The symptoms of panuveitis can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Eye pain
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Floaters in the vision
  • Redness or swelling of the eye
  • Headaches
Treatment of Panuveitis

The treatment for panuveitis depends on the underlying cause of the condition. In many cases, a combination of medications may be prescribed to reduce inflammation and manage pain. These medications may include:

  1. Corticosteroids
  2. Immunosuppressants
  3. Antibiotics or antiviral medications, if the condition is caused by an infection

In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to treat complications such as cataracts or glaucoma.

Prevention of Panuveitis

Since panuveitis can be caused by a variety of underlying conditions, there is no guaranteed way to prevent the condition. However, taking steps to maintain overall eye health and managing any underlying health conditions can help reduce the risk of developing panuveitis.

If you experience any symptoms of panuveitis, it's important to seek medical attention right away. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications and preserve your vision.