Papilledema digital illustration

Papilledema Save

ICD-10 code: H47.1

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Understanding Papilledema: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Papilledema is a serious medical condition that affects the optic nerve and can lead to vision loss if left untreated. This condition is characterized by swelling of the optic disc, which is the spot where the optic nerve enters the eye. The swelling is caused by increased pressure in the skull, which can be due to a variety of underlying conditions.

Symptoms of Papilledema

The symptoms of papilledema can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some common symptoms include:

  1. Blurred vision
  2. Headaches
  3. Nausea and vomiting
  4. Dizziness
  5. Ringing in the ears
  6. Double vision

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention right away. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent vision loss and other complications.

Causes of Papilledema

There are several underlying conditions that can cause papilledema. Some of the most common causes include:

  1. Brain tumor
  2. Head injury
  3. Meningitis
  4. Encephalitis
  5. High blood pressure
  6. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)

IIH is a condition in which the pressure in the skull is elevated for unknown reasons. This condition is more common in overweight women of childbearing age, and it can lead to papilledema if left untreated.

Treatment for Papilledema

The treatment for papilledema depends on the underlying condition that is causing the increased pressure in the skull. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to relieve the pressure. In other cases, medications may be prescribed to reduce the swelling and lower the pressure in the skull.

It is important to receive prompt treatment for papilledema in order to prevent vision loss and other complications. If you are experiencing any symptoms of papilledema, be sure to contact your healthcare provider right away.


Papilledema is a serious condition that can lead to vision loss if left untreated. It is important to be aware of the symptoms of this condition and to seek medical attention right away if you experience any of them. With prompt diagnosis and treatment, it is possible to prevent vision loss and other complications associated with papilledema.