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Paraplegia Save

ICD-10 code: G82.2

Chapter: Diseases of the nervous system

Understanding Paraplegia - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Paraplegia is a medical condition where a person loses the ability to move the lower half of their body. This condition is caused by damage to the spinal cord, which is responsible for transmitting messages between the brain and the rest of the body.

The most common causes of paraplegia are spinal cord injuries resulting from accidents, falls, or sports injuries. Other causes include infections, tumors, and degenerative diseases.

Symptoms of paraplegia may include loss of sensation, muscle weakness, difficulty controlling bowel and bladder function, and sexual dysfunction. Treatment for paraplegia depends on the cause and severity of the condition. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or remove damaged tissue. Physical therapy and rehabilitation are also important components of treatment, as they can help the patient regain strength and mobility.

  1. Spinal Cord Injuries
  2. Spinal cord injuries are the most common cause of paraplegia. They can occur as a result of car accidents, falls, sports injuries, and other traumatic events. When the spinal cord is damaged, the messages that it sends between the brain and the rest of the body are disrupted, leading to paralysis below the injury site.

  3. Infections and Tumors
  4. Infections and tumors can also cause paraplegia. Infections like meningitis and polio can damage the spinal cord, while tumors can put pressure on the spinal cord and cause damage. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the tumor and relieve pressure on the spinal cord.

  5. Degenerative Diseases
  6. Degenerative diseases like multiple sclerosis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) can also cause paraplegia. These conditions damage the nerves that control movement, leading to weakness and paralysis in the legs.

If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of paraplegia, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. Early diagnosis and treatment can help improve the chances of recovery and improve the quality of life for the patient.

Living with paraplegia can be challenging, but with the right treatment and support, patients can lead fulfilling and productive lives. It is important to work closely with a healthcare team to develop a comprehensive treatment plan and to make adjustments as needed to maintain the best possible outcomes.