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Parasomnia Save

ICD-10 code: G47.5

Chapter: Diseases of the nervous system

Understanding Parasomnia and Its Types

Parasomnia is a sleep disorder that involves abnormal movements, behaviors, emotions, perceptions, and dreams that occur during sleep. It affects the quality of sleep and can lead to daytime fatigue, mood changes, and other health issues. Here are the types of parasomnia:

  1. Nightmares: These are vivid and disturbing dreams that wake up the person from sleep. They can cause fear, anxiety, and sweating.
  2. Sleepwalking: This is when the person walks or performs complex activities while asleep. They have no recollection of their actions when they wake up.
  3. Sleep Talking: This is when the person talks or makes noises while asleep. They may say coherent or incoherent words and phrases.
  4. REM Sleep Behavior Disorder: This is when the person acts out their dreams during REM sleep. They may punch, kick, or scream while asleep.
  5. Nocturnal Seizures: These are seizures that occur during sleep. They can cause sudden movements, convulsions, or loss of consciousness.

Parasomnia can be caused by various factors, such as stress, anxiety, sleep deprivation, medication, and neurological disorders. It can also occur in children and adults of all ages and genders.

Treatment for parasomnia depends on the type and severity of the disorder. It may include medication, therapy, sleep hygiene, and lifestyle changes. For instance, avoiding caffeine, alcohol, and heavy meals before bedtime can improve sleep quality and reduce parasomnia symptoms.

In conclusion, parasomnia is a sleep disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. It can disrupt sleep, cause physical and emotional distress, and affect overall health and well-being. If you suspect that you or someone you know has parasomnia, consult a healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and treatment.