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Periodic headache syndromes in child or adult Save

ICD-10 code: G43.C

Chapter: Diseases of the nervous system

Periodic Headache Syndromes in Children and Adults

Headaches are a common ailment experienced by people of all ages. However, when headaches occur periodically, it can be a sign of a more serious condition. Periodic headache syndromes are a group of disorders that cause recurrent headaches. These syndromes can affect both children and adults.

Types of Periodic Headache Syndromes

There are several types of periodic headache syndromes, including:

  1. Migraines: One of the most common types of periodic headache syndromes is migraines. Migraines are characterized by a throbbing pain on one or both sides of the head. They can also cause other symptoms such as nausea, sensitivity to light and sound, and visual disturbances.
  2. Cluster Headaches: Cluster headaches are another type of periodic headache syndrome. They cause intense pain that is usually focused around one eye. Cluster headaches can occur multiple times per day, and they often last for weeks or months at a time.
  3. Tension Headaches: Tension headaches are the most common type of headache. They are usually caused by stress, anxiety, or muscle tension in the neck and shoulders. Tension headaches can cause a dull, aching pain on both sides of the head.
  4. Rebound Headaches: Rebound headaches are caused by overuse of medication for headaches. They can occur when a person takes painkillers or other headache medication too frequently. Rebound headaches can be difficult to treat, and they often require a period of medication withdrawal.
Symptoms of Periodic Headache Syndromes

The symptoms of periodic headache syndromes can vary depending on the type of headache. However, some common symptoms include:

  • Throbbing pain in the head
  • Pain that is focused on one side of the head
  • Nausea
  • Sensitivity to light and sound
  • Visual disturbances such as seeing spots or flashing lights
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
Treatment of Periodic Headache Syndromes

Treatment for periodic headache syndromes can vary depending on the type of headache and the severity of the symptoms. Some treatment options include: