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Persistent mood [affective] disorders Save

ICD-10 code: F34

Chapter: Mental and behavioural disorders

Persistent Mood [Affective] Disorders: Understanding the Condition

Persistent mood disorders, also known as affective disorders, are a type of mental illness that causes long-term fluctuations in mood, emotions, and energy levels. These disorders can affect a person's ability to function normally in daily life and can lead to significant distress and impairment.

There are several types of persistent mood disorders, including:

  1. Dysthymic disorder: characterized by a depressed mood that lasts for at least two years.
  2. Cyclothymic disorder: characterized by alternating periods of hypomanic and depressive symptoms that last for at least two years.
  3. Major depressive disorder: characterized by a persistent feeling of sadness, hopelessness, and loss of interest in daily activities for at least two weeks.
  4. Bipolar disorder: characterized by episodes of mania or hypomania (elevated or irritable mood) and depression.

Symptoms of persistent mood disorders can vary depending on the type of disorder, but may include:

  • Feeling sad, empty, or hopeless
  • Loss of interest in activities
  • Decreased energy or fatigue
  • Difficulty concentrating or making decisions
  • Changes in appetite or weight
  • Insomnia or oversleeping
  • Restlessness or slowed movements
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • Thoughts of death or suicide

Treatment for persistent mood disorders may involve a combination of medication and psychotherapy. Antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and antipsychotics may be prescribed to help manage symptoms. Psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy or interpersonal therapy, can help individuals learn coping skills and improve their relationships with others.

Living with a persistent mood disorder can be challenging, but there are steps individuals can take to manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life. These may include:

  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise and a balanced diet
  • Establishing a consistent sleep schedule
  • Participating in activities that bring joy and fulfillment
  • Learning and practicing relaxation techniques
  • Building a support network of family and friends

If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of a persistent mood disorder, it is important to seek professional help. With the right treatment and support, individuals can manage their symptoms and lead fulfilling lives.

Diagnosis Codes for Persistent mood [affective] disorders | F34