Pica of infancy and childhood digital illustration

Pica of infancy and childhood Save

ICD-10 code: F98.3

Chapter: Mental and behavioural disorders

Pica of infancy and childhood

Pica is a condition where a person has an appetite for non-food items such as dirt, paint chips, sand, and other inedible materials. This condition is common in infants and young children who have a natural tendency to explore their surroundings by putting things in their mouth. Pica is usually harmless but can lead to serious health problems if left untreated.

  1. Causes of Pica
    • Iron deficiency anemia
    • Malnutrition
    • Developmental or psychological disorders
    • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
    • Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
    • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

    It is important to note that pica can also occur in pregnant women due to hormonal changes and cravings, and in individuals with intellectual disabilities or mental illnesses.

    1. Symptoms of Pica
      • Eating non-food items
      • Stomach pain
      • Nausea and vomiting
      • Constipation or diarrhea
      • Weight loss or poor weight gain
      • Lead poisoning (if the non-food item contains lead)

      If you suspect that your child has pica, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. A doctor can diagnose the condition and determine the underlying cause. Treatment may include nutritional supplements, behavioral therapy, and medication.

      1. Prevention of Pica
        • Supervise young children at all times
        • Keep non-food items out of reach
        • Provide a variety of healthy foods
        • Discourage eating outside of mealtimes
        • Address any underlying developmental or psychological disorders

        Overall, pica is a common condition in infants and young children that can be treated with proper medical care and prevention strategies. If you suspect that your child has pica, speak to a healthcare professional for guidance and support.

        Diagnosis Codes for Pica of infancy and childhood | F98.3