Pigmentary glaucoma, unspecified eye digital illustration

Pigmentary glaucoma, unspecified eye Save

ICD-10 code: H40.139

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Pigmentary Glaucoma: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Pigmentary glaucoma is a type of glaucoma that occurs when pigment granules from the iris break off and block the drainage channels in the eye. This causes an increase in eye pressure, which can damage the optic nerve and lead to vision loss. In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment of pigmentary glaucoma.

Causes of Pigmentary Glaucoma

The exact cause of pigmentary glaucoma is not known, but it is believed to be related to genetics. It is more common in men than women and typically occurs in people between the ages of 20 and 50. Pigmentary glaucoma is also more common in people who are nearsighted or have a family history of the condition.

Symptoms of Pigmentary Glaucoma

One of the most common symptoms of pigmentary glaucoma is blurred vision, which may be intermittent. Other symptoms include eye pain, redness, and sensitivity to light. Some people with pigmentary glaucoma may also experience halos around lights and difficulty adjusting to changes in lighting.

Treatment for Pigmentary Glaucoma

The first step in treating pigmentary glaucoma is to lower the intraocular pressure (IOP) in the affected eye. This can be done with eye drops, laser surgery, or traditional surgery. Eye drops are typically the first line of treatment and work by reducing the amount of fluid produced in the eye or increasing the amount of fluid that drains out of the eye. Laser surgery, known as trabeculoplasty, is often used if eye drops are not effective. Traditional surgery, known as trabeculectomy, may be necessary in severe cases.

  1. Eye Drops: The most common eye drops used to treat pigmentary glaucoma are prostaglandin analogs, beta blockers, and alpha agonists. These eye drops work by reducing the amount of fluid produced in the eye or increasing the amount of fluid that drains out of the eye.
  2. Laser Surgery: During trabeculoplasty, a laser is used to open up the drainage channels in the eye, allowing fluid to flow more easily.
  3. Traditional Surgery: Trabeculectomy involves creating a new drainage channel in the eye to help reduce IOP. This procedure is typically reserved for severe cases of pigmentary glaucoma that have not responded to other treatments.

It is important to remember that early detection and treatment of pigmentary glaucoma is crucial in preventing vision loss. If you are experiencing any symptoms of pigmentary glaucoma, it is important