Plague digital illustration

Plague Save

ICD-10 code: A20

Chapter: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

Plague: A Deadly Disease

Plague, also known as the Black Death, is a highly contagious and deadly disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis. It has been responsible for several pandemics throughout history, claiming millions of lives.

The disease is primarily spread through the bites of infected fleas that reside on rodents such as rats. It can also be transmitted through direct contact with infected bodily fluids or inhalation of respiratory droplets from infected individuals.

The symptoms of plague include fever, chills, weakness, and swollen lymph nodes. In some cases, it can progress to septicemia or pneumonia, leading to respiratory failure and death.

History of Plague
  1. The first recorded outbreak of plague occurred in the 6th century in the Byzantine Empire, where it claimed the lives of thousands of people.
  2. The most infamous outbreak of plague was the Black Death pandemic, which occurred in Europe during the 14th century. It is estimated that it killed between 75-200 million people, approximately 30-60% of Europe's population.
  3. Plague continued to be a major public health threat throughout the centuries, with outbreaks occurring in various parts of the world, including Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
Prevention and Treatment

Preventing the spread of plague involves controlling the rodent population and taking measures to avoid contact with infected animals and fleas. Proper sanitation and hygiene practices are also important in preventing the spread of the disease.

Antibiotics such as streptomycin and doxycycline are effective in treating plague if administered early. However, the mortality rate for untreated cases of the disease is high.


Plague is a deadly disease that has caused widespread devastation throughout history. While it is not as common today, it is still a public health concern in some parts of the world. Proper prevention measures such as controlling the rodent population and practicing good hygiene can help reduce the risk of infection.