Plasmodium vivax malaria digital illustration

Plasmodium vivax malaria Save

ICD-10 code: B51

Chapter: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

Understanding Plasmodium vivax Malaria: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Plasmodium vivax malaria is a type of malaria caused by the P. vivax parasite. It is a common form of malaria, especially in Asia and Latin America. This article will discuss the symptoms, causes, and treatment of Plasmodium vivax malaria.

Symptoms of Plasmodium vivax Malaria

The symptoms of Plasmodium vivax malaria are similar to other types of malaria. They include:

  1. Fever and chills
  2. Headache
  3. Muscle and joint pain
  4. Nausea and vomiting
  5. Fatigue

These symptoms usually appear within a few weeks of being infected with the parasite. In some cases, the symptoms may be mild and go away on their own. However, if left untreated, Plasmodium vivax malaria can lead to serious complications, such as anemia or organ failure.

Causes of Plasmodium vivax Malaria

Plasmodium vivax malaria is caused by the bite of an infected mosquito. The parasite enters the bloodstream and travels to the liver, where it multiplies and infects red blood cells. The infected red blood cells then burst, releasing more parasites into the bloodstream. This process causes the symptoms of malaria.

Plasmodium vivax malaria is more common in areas with warm, humid climates, where mosquitoes thrive. It is also more common in areas with poor sanitation and limited access to healthcare.

Treatment of Plasmodium vivax Malaria

The treatment of Plasmodium vivax malaria usually involves a combination of medications, such as chloroquine and primaquine. These medications work by killing the parasites in the bloodstream and preventing them from multiplying in the liver.

In addition to medication, it is also important to take steps to prevent the spread of Plasmodium vivax malaria. This includes using insect repellent, wearing long sleeves and pants, and sleeping under a mosquito net.


Plasmodium vivax malaria is a common form of malaria that can cause serious complications if left untreated. If you are traveling to an area where Plasmodium vivax malaria is common, it is important to take steps to prevent infection, such as using insect repellent and sleeping under a mosquito net. If you experience symptoms of malaria, seek medical attention right away.