Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) digital illustration

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Save

ICD-10 code: F43.1

Chapter: Mental and behavioural disorders

Understanding post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that occurs in people who have experienced or witnessed a traumatic event. These events can be anything from a natural disaster, physical or sexual assault, war or military combat, or even a serious accident.

PTSD can have a significant impact on a person's mental and physical health, as well as their ability to function in their everyday life. Symptoms of PTSD can include recurrent and intrusive memories, avoidance of triggering situations or stimuli, negative changes in mood and cognition, and increased arousal and reactivity.

Treatment for PTSD

There are several treatment options available for people with PTSD. One of the most common forms of treatment is therapy, which can be done in individual or group settings. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of therapy that is often used to treat PTSD, as it focuses on changing negative thought patterns and behaviors that may be contributing to the symptoms of PTSD.

Other forms of therapy that can be effective in treating PTSD include exposure therapy, which helps people confront and process traumatic memories, and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), which uses rapid eye movements to help people process traumatic memories.

Self-care for PTSD

Self-care is also an important aspect of managing symptoms of PTSD. This can include things like regular exercise, a healthy diet, getting enough sleep, and avoiding drugs and alcohol. Engaging in activities that bring joy and relaxation, such as hobbies or spending time with loved ones, can also be helpful.


PTSD can be a debilitating condition, but with the right treatment and self-care, it is possible to manage symptoms and improve overall quality of life. If you or someone you know is struggling with PTSD, it is important to seek help from a qualified mental health professional.