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Primary disorders of muscles Save

ICD-10 code: G71

Chapter: Diseases of the nervous system

Primary disorders of muscles are conditions that affect the muscles themselves, rather than being caused by external factors such as injury or nerve damage. These disorders can range from mild to severe, and can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life. In this article, we will explore some of the most common primary disorders of muscles.

1. Muscular Dystrophy
Muscular dystrophy is a group of genetic disorders that cause progressive weakness and degeneration of the muscles. There are many different types of muscular dystrophy, each with its own specific symptoms and progression. Some forms of muscular dystrophy may begin in childhood, while others may not be diagnosed until adulthood. Despite the differences in symptoms and onset, all forms of muscular dystrophy share the same underlying cause: a genetic mutation that affects the production of proteins responsible for maintaining muscle health.
2. Myasthenia Gravis
Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disorder that affects the neuromuscular junction, which is the point where nerve impulses meet muscle fibers. In people with myasthenia gravis, the immune system produces antibodies that block or destroy the receptors that allow nerve impulses to reach the muscles. This results in muscle weakness and fatigue, particularly in the face, neck, and limbs.
3. Polymyositis
Polymyositis is an inflammatory disorder that affects the skeletal muscles, causing weakness and wasting. The exact cause of polymyositis is unknown, but it is thought to be an autoimmune condition in which the immune system attacks the muscle fibers. Symptoms of polymyositis may include difficulty swallowing, weakness in the hip and shoulder muscles, and fatigue.
4. Dermatomyositis
Dermatomyositis is a rare inflammatory disorder that affects the skin and muscles. It is similar to polymyositis in that it is thought to be an autoimmune condition, but it also causes a characteristic rash on the skin. The rash typically appears on the face, chest, and back, and is often accompanied by muscle weakness and fatigue.
Primary disorders of muscles can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life, causing weakness, fatigue, and other symptoms that can make everyday activities difficult. While there is no cure for these conditions, treatments are available that can help manage symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. If you are experiencing muscle weakness or other symptoms, it is important to speak with your healthcare provider to determine the underlying cause and develop a treatment plan that is right for you.
  1. Muscular Dystrophy