Primary open-angle glaucoma, right eye digital illustration

Primary open-angle glaucoma, right eye Save

ICD-10 code: H40.111

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma, Right Eye

Primary open-angle glaucoma is a chronic disease that affects the optic nerve of the eye and leads to progressive vision loss. Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness globally, and primary open-angle glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma.

Glaucoma occurs when the pressure within the eye increases and damages the optic nerve. In primary open-angle glaucoma, this pressure builds up slowly over time, and the eye's drainage system becomes less efficient. This causes fluid to accumulate in the eye, leading to increased intraocular pressure.

Primary open-angle glaucoma is typically asymptomatic until the later stages of the disease when vision loss becomes noticeable. Unfortunately, once vision loss occurs, it is irreversible. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment are essential to prevent or slow the progression of vision loss.

Symptoms of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma

As mentioned earlier, primary open-angle glaucoma is usually asymptomatic in the early stages. However, in later stages, symptoms may include:

  1. Blurred vision
  2. Halos around lights
  3. Loss of peripheral vision
  4. Tunnel vision
  5. Eye pain or redness
Treatment of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma

Although there is no cure for primary open-angle glaucoma, treatment can slow or halt the progression of the disease. Treatment options include:

  1. Eye drops - These can lower intraocular pressure by reducing the amount of fluid produced in the eye or increasing the rate at which fluid drains.
  2. Oral medications - These can also reduce intraocular pressure, but they may have more side effects than eye drops.
  3. Surgery - In some cases, surgery may be necessary to improve the eye's drainage system and lower intraocular pressure.

If you have been diagnosed with primary open-angle glaucoma, it is essential to follow your doctor's treatment plan and attend regular check-ups to monitor your intraocular pressure and vision. By doing so, you can help prevent or slow the progression of vision loss and preserve your eyesight.

Overall, primary open-angle glaucoma is a serious disease that requires early detection and treatment to prevent vision loss. If you are experiencing any symptoms of glaucoma or have a family history of the disease, it is important to schedule an eye exam with your optometrist or ophthalmologist.