Regular astigmatism digital illustration

Regular astigmatism Save

ICD-10 code: H52.22

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Understanding Regular Astigmatism: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Astigmatism is a refractive error that affects the shape of the cornea and the lens of the eye. Regular astigmatism is the most common type of astigmatism, and it occurs when the cornea is curved more in one direction than the other. This causes light to focus on two points on the retina, resulting in blurred vision.

Causes of Regular Astigmatism

Regular astigmatism is usually caused by an irregularly shaped cornea. Instead of having a spherical shape, the cornea is shaped more like a football, with one curve steeper than the other. This causes light to refract differently in different directions, resulting in blurry vision.

Symptoms of Regular Astigmatism

The symptoms of regular astigmatism include blurry or distorted vision, headaches, eye strain, and difficulty seeing at night. Some people may also experience squinting or eye discomfort. These symptoms can be mild or severe, depending on the degree of astigmatism.

Treatment for Regular Astigmatism

Regular astigmatism can be corrected with eyeglasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery. Eyeglasses and contact lenses work by compensating for the irregularly shaped cornea, allowing light to focus properly on the retina. Refractive surgery, such as LASIK, can also correct astigmatism by reshaping the cornea. The best treatment option depends on the severity of the astigmatism and the patient's personal preferences.

  1. Eyeglasses: Eyeglasses are the most common way to correct regular astigmatism. They work by using lenses that compensate for the irregularly shaped cornea. Eyeglasses are easy to use and maintain, but some people may find them uncomfortable or inconvenient.
  2. Contact lenses: Contact lenses are another option for correcting regular astigmatism. They work in the same way as eyeglasses, but they are placed directly on the eye. Contact lenses can be more comfortable and convenient than eyeglasses, but they require more maintenance and can be more expensive.
  3. Refractive surgery: Refractive surgery, such as LASIK, can also correct regular astigmatism. This surgery involves reshaping the cornea to improve the way light enters the eye. Refractive surgery can be expensive and carries some risks, but it can provide a permanent solution to astigmatism.

Regular astigmatism is a common refractive error that can be corrected with eyeglasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery. If you are experiencing symptoms of astigmatism, it