Retarded development following protein-calorie malnutrition digital illustration

Retarded development following protein-calorie malnutrition Save

ICD-10 code: E45

Chapter: Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases

Retarded Development Following Protein-Calorie Malnutrition

Protein-calorie malnutrition (PCM) is a serious condition that affects millions of children worldwide. PCM occurs when the body does not get enough protein and calories to function properly, leading to a range of physical and mental health problems. One of the most devastating consequences of PCM is retarded development.

Retarded development is a term used to describe a delay or stagnation in a child's physical and mental growth. This can occur when a child is not getting enough nutrients, especially protein, during critical periods of development. Children who suffer from PCM are at a higher risk of experiencing retarded development, which can have lifelong consequences.

  1. Physical Development: Children with PCM may experience stunted growth, delayed puberty, and other physical health problems. This is because the body needs protein and calories to build and repair tissues, and to grow and develop properly. Without enough nutrients, the body is unable to perform these functions, leading to physical delays and abnormalities.
  2. Mental Development: PCM can also affect a child's cognitive development. Children with PCM may have trouble learning, concentrating, and problem-solving. They may also experience behavioral problems, such as aggression, anxiety, and depression. These mental health issues can have long-lasting effects on a child's well-being and future opportunities.
  3. Social Development: Retarded development can also affect a child's social development. Children with PCM may have trouble making friends, communicating effectively, and fitting in with their peers. They may also experience social isolation and stigma, which can further exacerbate their mental health problems.

Preventing retarded development following PCM requires early detection and intervention. Children who are at risk of PCM should receive regular checkups and nutritional support to ensure they are getting enough protein and calories. Parents and caregivers can also promote healthy development by providing a balanced diet, stimulating learning environments, and seeking medical attention when necessary.

In conclusion, retarded development following PCM is a serious problem that can have lifelong consequences. By understanding the causes and consequences of PCM, we can work to prevent and treat this condition and give children the best possible chance for a healthy and fulfilling future.

Diagnosis Codes for Retarded development following protein-calorie malnutrition | E45