Retinopathy of prematurity digital illustration

Retinopathy of prematurity Save

ICD-10 code: H35.1

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Retinopathy of Prematurity: Understanding the Eye Condition

Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a serious eye condition that affects premature infants. It occurs when the blood vessels in the retina, the part of the eye that detects light and sends signals to the brain, do not develop properly. This can lead to vision loss or even blindness if left untreated.

ROP is most common in infants born before 31 weeks of gestation or weighing less than 2.75 pounds. Premature babies are at a higher risk of developing ROP because the blood vessels in their eyes may not have had enough time to fully develop before birth.

Symptoms of Retinopathy of Prematurity

ROP may not cause any noticeable symptoms in its early stages, which is why it's important for premature infants to have regular eye exams. As the condition progresses, symptoms may include:

  1. Abnormal eye movement
  2. White pupils
  3. Difficulty tracking objects
  4. Poor vision
Treatment Options for Retinopathy of Prematurity

If ROP is detected early, treatment can help prevent vision loss. Treatment options may include:

  1. Laser therapy: This involves using a laser to stop the growth of abnormal blood vessels in the retina.
  2. Cryotherapy: This involves freezing the area of the retina where the abnormal blood vessels are growing.
  3. Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the retina.

It's important for parents of premature infants to work closely with their healthcare providers to monitor their baby's eye health and detect any signs of ROP early. With early detection and treatment, the prognosis for infants with ROP can be good.


Retinopathy of Prematurity is a serious eye condition that can lead to vision loss or blindness in premature infants. Regular eye exams and early detection are key to preventing vision loss. If your baby was born prematurely, talk to your healthcare provider about scheduling regular eye exams to monitor their eye health and detect any signs of ROP early.

Diagnosis Codes for Retinopathy of prematurity | H35.1

Not Available