Retinopathy of prematurity, stage 3 digital illustration

Retinopathy of prematurity, stage 3 Save

ICD-10 code: H35.14

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Retinopathy of Prematurity, Stage 3: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is an eye disease that affects premature infants. It occurs when the blood vessels in the retina, the part of the eye that detects light, grow abnormally. Stage 3 ROP is a more advanced stage of the disease, and it can lead to serious vision problems if left untreated.

Symptoms of Stage 3 ROP

Stage 3 ROP can cause a number of symptoms, including:

  1. Retinal folds
  2. Dilated or irregular pupils
  3. Increased or decreased vascularization of the retina
  4. Retinal detachment

If your premature infant is experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s important to seek medical attention right away.

Causes of Stage 3 ROP

The exact cause of ROP is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to the development of blood vessels in the retina. Premature infants are at a higher risk of developing ROP because their eyes are not fully developed at birth. Other risk factors for ROP include:

  • Low birth weight
  • Oxygen therapy
  • Respiratory distress syndrome
  • Infection
  • Multiple births
Treatment for Stage 3 ROP

If your premature infant is diagnosed with Stage 3 ROP, there are several treatment options available. The most common treatment is laser therapy, which uses a laser to destroy the abnormal blood vessels in the retina. This can prevent further damage to the retina and preserve your child’s vision.

In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair a detached retina. Your child’s healthcare provider will work with you to determine the best course of treatment for your child.


Retinopathy of prematurity is a serious eye disease that can affect premature infants. If your child is experiencing symptoms of Stage 3 ROP, it’s important to seek medical attention right away. With proper treatment, most children with Stage 3 ROP can preserve their vision and go on to live healthy, happy lives.