Retrobulbar neuritis digital illustration

Retrobulbar neuritis Save

ICD-10 code: H46.1

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Retrobulbar Neuritis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Retrobulbar neuritis is a condition that affects the optic nerve, causing inflammation and damage to the nerve fibers that transmit visual information from the eye to the brain. This condition can cause significant vision loss and impair daily activities, and it is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you may have retrobulbar neuritis.

Causes of Retrobulbar Neuritis

The exact cause of retrobulbar neuritis is not fully understood. However, it is believed to be an autoimmune disorder, in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks the myelin sheath that surrounds the optic nerve. Other possible causes include viral infections, bacterial infections, and exposure to toxins.

Symptoms of Retrobulbar Neuritis
  1. Vision loss or blurry vision in one or both eyes
  2. Pain behind the eye or in the eye when moving it
  3. Loss of color vision or contrast sensitivity
  4. Eye fatigue or strain
  5. Difficulty with depth perception or judging distances
Treatment for Retrobulbar Neuritis

Treatment for retrobulbar neuritis depends on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. In mild cases, the condition may resolve on its own within a few weeks or months. In more severe cases, treatment may include steroids or other immunosuppressive medications to reduce inflammation and prevent further damage to the optic nerve.

In addition to medication, other treatments may include vision therapy or occupational therapy to help individuals adjust to vision loss and learn new ways to complete daily tasks. It is important to work closely with your healthcare provider to determine the best treatment plan for your individual needs.


Retrobulbar neuritis is a serious condition that can cause significant vision loss and impair daily activities. If you experience symptoms of retrobulbar neuritis, it is important to seek medical attention promptly. With proper diagnosis and treatment, many individuals are able to manage the condition and maintain their visual function.