Scleromalacia perforans digital illustration

Scleromalacia perforans Save

ICD-10 code: H15.05

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Scleromalacia Perforans: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Scleromalacia perforans is a rare autoimmune disease that affects the white outer layer of the eye, known as the sclera. It is characterized by thinning and melting of the sclera, which can lead to serious complications such as vision loss and even blindness. Here are some of the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for Scleromalacia perforans:

  1. Symptoms: The most common symptoms of Scleromalacia perforans include eye redness, pain, and inflammation. Patients may also experience blurred vision, double vision, or sensitivity to light. In some cases, the sclera may appear blue or yellow due to thinning of the tissue.
  2. Causes: The exact cause of Scleromalacia perforans is unknown, but it is believed to be related to an abnormal immune response. In some cases, the condition may be associated with other autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus. Certain medications, infections, and trauma to the eye may also increase the risk of developing Scleromalacia perforans.
  3. Treatment: Treatment for Scleromalacia perforans typically involves managing symptoms and preventing further damage to the eye. Patients may be prescribed corticosteroids or immunosuppressant drugs to reduce inflammation and slow the progression of the disease. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the sclera and protect the eye from further damage.

If you are experiencing any symptoms of Scleromalacia perforans, it is important to seek medical attention right away. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent serious complications and improve your chances of preserving your vision. Your eye doctor can perform a comprehensive eye exam and recommend the best treatment plan for your individual needs.