Secondary vitreoretinal degeneration digital illustration

Secondary vitreoretinal degeneration Save

ICD-10 code: H35.46

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

What is Secondary Vitreoretinal Degeneration?

Secondary vitreoretinal degeneration (SVD) is a condition that affects the retina and vitreous of the eye. It is a degenerative process that occurs after an eye injury or surgery, as well as in certain ocular diseases such as retinal detachment, proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), and diabetic retinopathy.

Symptoms of SVD

The symptoms of SVD include decreased vision, floaters, and flashes of light. In severe cases, it can lead to retinal detachment, which requires immediate medical attention.

Treatment for SVD

There is no specific treatment for SVD, as it is a progressive condition that cannot be reversed. However, there are several measures that can be taken to slow down the degenerative process and prevent further damage to the retina and vitreous.

  1. Regular eye exams: Regular eye exams can help detect SVD early on, allowing for prompt treatment and management.
  2. Laser surgery: Laser surgery can be used to treat retinal tears and prevent retinal detachment in patients with SVD.
  3. Vitrectomy: In severe cases of SVD, vitrectomy may be necessary to remove the vitreous and replace it with a clear solution.
Prevention of SVD

Prevention of SVD involves taking measures to prevent eye injuries and manage ocular diseases that can lead to SVD. Some preventive measures include:

  1. Wearing protective eyewear: Wearing protective eyewear during sports and other activities can prevent eye injuries that can lead to SVD.
  2. Controlling diabetes: Proper management of diabetes can prevent diabetic retinopathy, a major cause of SVD.
  3. Keeping blood pressure under control: High blood pressure can damage the blood vessels in the eye, leading to SVD.

Overall, SVD is a serious condition that requires prompt diagnosis and management. Regular eye exams, preventive measures, and timely treatment can help slow down the degenerative process and prevent further damage to the retina and vitreous.