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Specific personality disorders Save

ICD-10 code: F60

Chapter: Mental and behavioural disorders

Understanding Specific Personality Disorders

Personality disorders are a type of mental illness that affect a person's way of thinking, feeling, and behaving. They often cause significant distress and can negatively impact an individual's personal and professional relationships. There are several types of personality disorders, each with its own set of symptoms and characteristics.

  1. Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
  2. BPD is a disorder characterized by intense and unstable emotions, impulsive behavior, and unstable relationships. People with BPD may experience extreme highs and lows and have difficulty regulating their emotions, leading to impulsive actions and self-harm behaviors. They may also have a fear of abandonment and struggle with maintaining stable relationships.

  3. Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD)
  4. NPD is a disorder characterized by a grandiose sense of self-importance, a lack of empathy, and a need for admiration. People with NPD may have an inflated sense of their abilities and accomplishments and may belittle or criticize others to maintain their sense of superiority. They may also have difficulty handling criticism or rejection.

  5. Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD)
  6. OCPD is a disorder characterized by a preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and control. People with OCPD may have rigid beliefs and rules that they feel must be followed and may struggle with flexibility or adapting to change. They may also have difficulty delegating tasks to others and may become overly focused on details and organization.

  7. Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD)
  8. ASPD is a disorder characterized by a disregard for the rights of others and a lack of empathy or remorse. People with ASPD may engage in criminal behavior, lie or deceive others, and have a history of impulsive behavior. They may also be manipulative and take advantage of others for personal gain.

  9. Dependent Personality Disorder (DPD)
  10. DPD is a disorder characterized by a reliance on others for decision-making, emotional support, and basic needs. People with DPD may struggle with making decisions on their own and may fear being alone or abandoned. They may also have difficulty expressing disagreement or standing up for themselves.

It's important to note that a diagnosis of a personality disorder requires a thorough evaluation by a mental health professional. Treatment for personality disorders often involves therapy, medication, and support from loved ones. With proper treatment and support, people with personality disorders can learn to manage their symptoms and lead fulfilling lives.