ST elevation (STEMI) myocardial infarction of anterior wall digital illustration

ST elevation (STEMI) myocardial infarction of anterior wall Save

ICD-10 code: I21.0

Chapter: Diseases of the circulatory system

Understanding ST Elevation (STEMI) Myocardial Infarction of Anterior Wall

ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a type of heart attack that occurs when one of the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle becomes blocked. This can cause significant damage to the heart muscle, and if not treated promptly, can be fatal.

STEMI of the anterior wall is a type of STEMI that occurs when the blockage occurs in the left anterior descending (LAD) artery, which supplies blood to the front of the heart. This can result in damage to the front of the heart muscle, which can lead to serious complications.


Some of the common symptoms of STEMI of the anterior wall include:

  1. Chest pain or discomfort
  2. Shortness of breath
  3. Nausea or vomiting
  4. Lightheadedness or dizziness
  5. Cold sweats

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.


Immediate treatment for STEMI of the anterior wall typically involves restoring blood flow to the blocked artery. This can be done through a procedure called percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), which involves inserting a catheter into the blocked artery and using a balloon to reopen the artery. In some cases, a stent may be placed in the artery to help keep it open.

In addition to PCI, other treatments may be used to manage symptoms and prevent complications. These may include medications such as aspirin, beta blockers, and nitroglycerin, as well as oxygen therapy and other interventions as needed.


Preventing STEMI of the anterior wall involves managing risk factors for heart disease, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes. Lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, and not smoking can also help reduce the risk of developing STEMI of the anterior wall.

Overall, STEMI of the anterior wall is a serious medical emergency that requires prompt treatment. If you experience any symptoms of a heart attack, seek medical attention immediately. Early intervention can help prevent serious complications and improve outcomes.