Stereotyped movement disorders digital illustration

Stereotyped movement disorders Save

ICD-10 code: F98.4

Chapter: Mental and behavioural disorders

Stereotyped Movement Disorders: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Stereotyped movement disorders refer to repetitive, rhythmic, and predictable movements that are often involuntary and can interfere with daily activities. These disorders can affect people of all ages and can be caused by a variety of factors, including neurological conditions, genetic disorders, and medications.

  1. Symptoms: The symptoms of stereotyped movement disorders can vary depending on the type of disorder. Some common symptoms include:
    1. Repetitive movements such as rocking, hand flapping, or finger tapping
    2. Difficulty controlling movements
    3. Muscle stiffness or rigidity
    4. Tics or sudden, involuntary movements
  2. Causes: There are several factors that can contribute to stereotyped movement disorders, including:
    1. Neurological conditions such as Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, or Tourette syndrome
    2. Genetic disorders such as Rett syndrome or Fragile X syndrome
    3. Medications such as antipsychotics or stimulants
    4. Environmental factors such as stress or trauma
  3. Treatment: The treatment for stereotyped movement disorders will depend on the underlying cause. In some cases, medications may be prescribed to help manage symptoms. Behavioral therapy can also be beneficial in helping individuals learn to control their movements and reduce the impact of the disorder on their daily lives.

If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of a stereotyped movement disorder, it is important to seek medical attention to determine the underlying cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan.


Stereotyped movement disorders can be challenging to live with, but with the right treatment and support, individuals can learn to manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life. By understanding the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for these disorders, individuals can take control of their health and work towards a better future.

Diagnosis Codes for Stereotyped movement disorders | F98.4