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Symblepharon Save

ICD-10 code: H11.23

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Symblepharon: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Symblepharon is a medical condition that affects the eyes. It is characterized by adhesions or scars that form between the conjunctiva and the cornea. These adhesions can cause the eyelids to stick to the eyeball, resulting in discomfort, pain, and vision problems. In this article, we’ll discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for symblepharon.

Causes of Symblepharon

The most common cause of symblepharon is trauma to the eye. This can occur due to surgery, burns, or other injuries. In some cases, symblepharon may also be caused by autoimmune diseases such as pemphigoid or Stevens-Johnson syndrome.

Symptoms of Symblepharon

The symptoms of symblepharon may vary depending on the severity of the condition. Common symptoms include:

  1. Difficulty opening or closing the eyes
  2. Redness and swelling of the eyes
  3. Tearing or discharge from the eyes
  4. Blurred vision or vision loss
  5. Eye pain or discomfort
Treatment Options for Symblepharon

The treatment for symblepharon will depend on the cause and severity of the condition. In mild cases, lubricating eye drops or ointments may be prescribed to help alleviate symptoms. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the adhesions or scars that are causing the eyelids to stick to the eyeball.

During the surgery, the scar tissue is carefully removed, and a tissue graft may be used to cover the area where the adhesions were removed. This helps to prevent the adhesions from reforming and allows the eyelids to move freely over the surface of the eye.


Symblepharon can be a serious eye condition that can cause discomfort, pain, and vision problems. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of symblepharon, it is essential to consult with an eye doctor. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent serious complications and improve your overall eye health.