Thyrotoxicosis with diffuse goiter digital illustration

Thyrotoxicosis with diffuse goiter Save

ICD-10 code: E05.0

Chapter: Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases

Understanding Thyrotoxicosis with Diffuse Goiter

Thyrotoxicosis with diffuse goiter, commonly known as Graves’ disease, is an autoimmune disorder that affects the thyroid gland. It is characterized by an overactive thyroid gland, which leads to an increase in thyroid hormone production, and an enlarged thyroid gland, also known as a diffuse goiter.

Graves’ disease is more common in women than men and can affect people of all ages. The exact cause of Graves’ disease is unknown, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some of the factors that may contribute to the development of Graves’ disease include stress, smoking, and a family history of autoimmune disorders.

Symptoms of Thyrotoxicosis with Diffuse Goiter

The symptoms of Graves’ disease can vary from person to person, but some of the common symptoms include:

  1. Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  2. Increase in appetite
  3. Weight loss
  4. Nervousness or anxiety
  5. Tremors in the hands or fingers
  6. Difficulty sleeping
  7. Increased sensitivity to heat
  8. Changes in menstrual cycles
  9. Enlargement of the thyroid gland

If left untreated, Graves’ disease can lead to serious complications such as heart problems, osteoporosis, and eye problems.

Treatment Options

Treatment for Graves’ disease may include medications, radioactive iodine therapy, or surgery. Antithyroid medications may be prescribed to block the production of thyroid hormones. Radioactive iodine therapy involves taking a pill that contains radioactive iodine, which is absorbed by the thyroid gland, and destroys the overactive cells. Surgery may be recommended to remove the thyroid gland in severe cases.

If you suspect that you have Graves’ disease, it is important to consult with a healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment can help manage symptoms and prevent complications.

Overall, understanding thyrotoxicosis with diffuse goiter is important for recognizing the symptoms and seeking treatment. With the right treatment, people with Graves’ disease can manage their symptoms and lead healthy, fulfilling lives.