Tick-borne viral encephalitis digital illustration

Tick-borne viral encephalitis Save

ICD-10 code: A84

Chapter: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

Tick-borne Viral Encephalitis: Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

Tick-borne viral encephalitis (TBE) is a disease caused by a virus transmitted by ticks. This disease affects the central nervous system and can lead to severe neurological complications. TBE is endemic in many parts of Europe and Asia, including Russia, China, and some parts of the Balkans.


The symptoms of TBE can range from mild to severe. The initial symptoms are similar to those of the flu, including fever, headache, and muscle aches. As the disease progresses, neurological symptoms may appear, such as confusion, seizures, and paralysis. In severe cases, TBE can lead to permanent brain damage or death.


There is no specific treatment for TBE. Treatment is supportive and focuses on relieving symptoms and preventing complications. Patients with severe symptoms may require hospitalization, and those with neurological complications may need rehabilitation and long-term care. Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent TBE.

  1. Vaccination: The most effective way to prevent TBE is by vaccination. The vaccine is recommended for people who live in or travel to endemic areas and those who engage in outdoor activities in wooded or grassy areas.

  2. Tick control: Avoiding tick bites is essential to prevent TBE. Wear long-sleeved shirts and pants when in wooded or grassy areas, use tick repellents, and check your body for ticks after being outdoors.

  3. Food safety: TBE can also be transmitted through the consumption of unpasteurized dairy products from infected animals. Avoid consuming raw milk and cheese from endemic areas.

TBE is a serious disease that can cause neurological complications and even death. Vaccination and tick control are essential to prevent this disease. If you live in or travel to endemic areas and experience flu-like symptoms, seek medical attention immediately.