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Toxic maculopathy Save

ICD-10 code: H35.38

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Toxic Maculopathy: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options

Toxic maculopathy is a condition that affects the macula, the central part of the retina responsible for sharp, detailed vision. This condition is caused by exposure to toxic substances that damage the macula, leading to vision loss. Toxic maculopathy can be caused by a variety of substances, including medications, environmental toxins, and industrial chemicals.

  1. Symptoms: The symptoms of toxic maculopathy can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some common symptoms include blurred vision, difficulty seeing fine details, changes in color perception, and difficulty adapting to low light conditions. In some cases, patients may also experience a blind spot in the center of their vision.
  2. Causes: Toxic maculopathy can be caused by a variety of substances, including medications such as hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine, which are commonly used to treat autoimmune disorders. Other medications that can cause toxic maculopathy include tamoxifen, thioridazine, and ethambutol. Environmental toxins such as lead and mercury, as well as industrial chemicals such as carbon disulfide and methanol, can also cause toxic maculopathy.
  3. Treatment: The treatment options for toxic maculopathy depend on the cause and severity of the condition. In some cases, stopping the use of the toxic substance may be enough to improve vision. However, in more severe cases, treatment may involve medications or surgery. Patients with toxic maculopathy should see an ophthalmologist for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.

Preventing toxic maculopathy involves avoiding exposure to toxic substances whenever possible. Patients who are taking medications that can cause toxic maculopathy should have regular eye exams to monitor their vision. In some cases, alternative medications may be available that do not carry the same risk of toxic maculopathy.

In conclusion, toxic maculopathy is a serious condition that can cause vision loss. Patients who are experiencing symptoms of toxic maculopathy should seek medical attention immediately. By understanding the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for toxic maculopathy, patients can take steps to protect their vision and overall health.