Toxoplasma oculopathy digital illustration

Toxoplasma oculopathy Save

ICD-10 code: B58.0

Chapter: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

Understanding Toxoplasma Oculopathy

Toxoplasma oculopathy is a parasitic infection that affects the eyes. It is caused by a protozoan parasite called Toxoplasma gondii. This infection is acquired through the ingestion of contaminated food or water, or through contact with the infected cat feces. The parasite can cause serious damage to the eyes, leading to vision loss if not treated promptly.

  1. Symptoms: The symptoms of toxoplasma oculopathy include blurred vision, eye pain, redness, and sensitivity to light. In severe cases, it can also cause floaters, blind spots, and even complete blindness.
  2. Diagnosis: Diagnosing toxoplasma oculopathy involves a comprehensive eye exam, including a visual acuity test, a dilated eye exam, and an examination of the retina and optic nerve. In some cases, additional tests such as a blood test or a sample of the fluid from the eye may be needed to confirm the diagnosis.
  3. Treatment: Treatment for toxoplasma oculopathy usually involves a combination of medication and surgery. Antibiotics such as pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine are commonly used to kill the parasites. In severe cases, surgery may be needed to repair any damage to the retina or optic nerve.
  4. Prevention: Preventing toxoplasma oculopathy involves taking precautions to avoid exposure to the parasite. This includes washing your hands thoroughly after handling raw meat, wearing gloves while gardening, and avoiding contact with cat feces. Pregnant women should also avoid changing cat litter and should have their cats tested for the parasite.

If you experience any symptoms of toxoplasma oculopathy, it is important to see an eye doctor right away. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent serious complications and preserve your vision. Remember to take precautions to prevent exposure to the parasite, especially if you are pregnant or have a weakened immune system.