Tularemia digital illustration

Tularemia Save

ICD-10 code: A21

Chapter: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

Tularemia: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Tularemia, also known as rabbit fever, is a rare but serious bacterial infection caused by Francisella tularensis. The bacteria can be found in animals, especially rabbits, rodents, and hares. Humans can contract the disease through insect bites, handling infected animals, or consuming contaminated water or food.

Symptoms of tularemia can vary depending on the way the bacteria entered the body. The most common symptoms include fever, headache, muscle aches, and fatigue. Other symptoms may include skin ulcers, swollen lymph nodes, and pneumonia.

Prevention and Treatment

Prevention is key when it comes to tularemia. Avoiding contact with infected animals, wearing protective clothing, and using insect repellent can all help prevent the spread of the disease. If you suspect that you may have come into contact with the bacteria, seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Tularemia is typically treated with antibiotics. Depending on the severity of the infection, antibiotics may be given orally or through an IV. In some cases, hospitalization may be necessary. It is important to complete the entire course of antibiotics, even if symptoms improve before the medication is finished.


Tularemia is a serious bacterial infection that can have serious consequences if left untreated. Prevention, through avoiding contact with infected animals and using protective clothing and insect repellent, is key in avoiding infection. If you suspect that you may have contracted tularemia, seek medical attention as soon as possible. With proper treatment, most cases of tularemia can be successfully treated.

  1. Avoid contact with infected animals
  2. Use protective clothing and insect repellent
  3. Seek medical attention if you suspect infection
  4. Complete the entire course of antibiotics