Type 1 diabetes mellitus with kidney complications digital illustration

Type 1 diabetes mellitus with kidney complications Save

ICD-10 code: E10.2

Chapter: Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus with Kidney Complications

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic condition that occurs when the body's immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels, and when the body doesn't produce enough insulin, it can lead to high blood sugar levels. Over time, high blood sugar levels can damage various organs in the body, including the kidneys.

Kidney complications are a common complication of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. The kidneys play a crucial role in filtering waste products from the blood and removing them from the body through urine. When the kidneys are damaged due to high blood sugar levels, they are unable to function correctly, leading to a condition known as diabetic nephropathy.

  1. Symptoms of Diabetic Nephropathy: In the early stages, there are usually no symptoms of diabetic nephropathy. However, as the condition progresses, symptoms may include swelling in the legs, feet, and ankles, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and trouble sleeping.

  2. Treatment: The goal of treatment for diabetic nephropathy is to slow the progression of the disease and prevent further damage to the kidneys. This can be achieved through tight control of blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. Medications such as ACE inhibitors and ARBs may also be prescribed to help protect the kidneys.

  3. Prevention: Taking steps to prevent Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus can help reduce the risk of kidney complications. This includes maintaining a healthy diet, engaging in regular physical activity, avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, and managing stress levels.

In conclusion, Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus with kidney complications can be a serious condition that requires careful management. It is essential to work closely with a healthcare provider to develop a personalized treatment plan that addresses both diabetes and kidney health. By taking steps to prevent diabetes and managing it effectively, individuals can reduce the risk of kidney complications and other related health problems.