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Type 1 diabetes mellitus with oral complications Save

ICD-10 code: E10.63

Chapter: Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus with Oral Complications

Type 1 diabetes mellitus is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the body's ability to produce insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. This disease can lead to several complications, including oral health problems.

Oral complications are common in people with type 1 diabetes, and they can range from mild to severe. Some of the most common oral health problems associated with type 1 diabetes include:

  1. Dry mouth: Diabetes can cause a decrease in saliva production, leading to dry mouth. This condition increases the risk of tooth decay, gum disease, and infections in the mouth.
  2. Gum disease: People with type 1 diabetes are more likely to develop gum disease, a condition that can cause inflammation, bleeding, and tooth loss.
  3. Thrush: Thrush is a fungal infection that can occur in the mouth, particularly in people with poorly controlled diabetes. Symptoms include white patches on the tongue and inside the cheeks, and difficulty swallowing.
  4. Infections: People with type 1 diabetes are more susceptible to infections in the mouth, such as abscesses and ulcers, due to a weakened immune system.

Preventing and managing oral health problems in people with type 1 diabetes is crucial for maintaining overall health. Here are some tips for maintaining good oral hygiene:

  • Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
  • Floss daily to remove plaque and food particles from between teeth.
  • Use an antiseptic mouthwash to kill bacteria and freshen breath.
  • Avoid smoking and using tobacco products.
  • Visit your dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings.
  • Control your blood sugar levels to reduce the risk of oral health problems.

If you have type 1 diabetes and are experiencing oral health problems, it's important to talk to your healthcare provider and dentist. With proper management and treatment, you can prevent and manage oral health problems associated with type 1 diabetes.