Vitreous prolapse digital illustration

Vitreous prolapse Save

ICD-10 code: H43.0

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Vitreous Prolapse - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Vitreous prolapse is a condition that occurs when the vitreous humor, a clear gel-like substance that fills the space between the lens and the retina of the eye, becomes displaced and moves towards the front of the eye. This condition can cause various symptoms and may require medical attention.

  1. Causes
  2. There are several factors that can cause vitreous prolapse. Age-related changes in the vitreous humor can cause it to become more liquid and separate from the retina. Trauma to the eye can also cause vitreous prolapse. In addition, certain medical conditions such as diabetes and nearsightedness can increase the risk of vitreous prolapse.

  3. Symptoms
  4. The most common symptom of vitreous prolapse is the appearance of floaters, which are small specks or spots that move across your field of vision. You may also experience flashes of light or a sudden decrease in vision. In severe cases, vitreous prolapse can cause retinal detachment, which can lead to permanent vision loss.

  5. Treatment
  6. Treatment for vitreous prolapse depends on the severity of the condition. In mild cases, no treatment may be necessary. However, if the condition is causing significant vision problems, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove the vitreous humor and replace it with a saline solution. This procedure is known as a vitrectomy and is typically performed by a specialist known as a vitreoretinal surgeon.

If you are experiencing symptoms of vitreous prolapse, it is important to seek medical attention right away. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications and preserve your vision.


Vitreous prolapse is a condition that can cause various symptoms and may require medical attention. It is important to understand the causes and symptoms of this condition and seek prompt treatment if necessary. With proper care and treatment, many people with vitreous prolapse can preserve their vision and maintain good eye health.