Zoster with other nervous system involvement digital illustration

Zoster with other nervous system involvement Save

ICD-10 code: B02.2

Chapter: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

Zoster with other nervous system involvement

Zoster, also known as shingles, is a viral infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus. It typically affects older adults and people with weakened immune systems. The virus causes a painful rash that usually appears on one side of the body. However, in some cases, zoster can affect other parts of the nervous system, leading to more serious complications.

Here are some potential complications of zoster with other nervous system involvement:

  1. Zoster ophthalmicus: This is a form of zoster that affects the eye. It can cause eye pain, redness, and swelling, as well as a rash on the forehead, eyelids, and nose. In severe cases, it can lead to vision loss.
  2. Zoster myelitis: This is a rare complication of zoster that affects the spinal cord. It can cause weakness, numbness, and tingling in the arms and legs, as well as problems with bladder and bowel function.
  3. Zoster encephalitis: This is another rare complication of zoster that affects the brain. It can cause headache, confusion, and seizures, as well as weakness on one side of the body.

If you have zoster and experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention right away. Treatment may include antiviral medication, pain relievers, and other supportive care.

Preventing zoster and its complications is key. The best way to do this is to get vaccinated against the virus. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that adults aged 50 years and older get two doses of the shingles vaccine, Shingrix, separated by two to six months.

In addition to vaccination, you can also reduce your risk of zoster by maintaining a healthy immune system through regular exercise, a balanced diet, and stress management.

Overall, zoster can be a painful and potentially serious infection. However, with prompt medical attention and prevention strategies, you can reduce your risk of complications and promote a speedy recovery.