Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli infection digital illustration

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli infection Save

ICD-10 code: A04.0

Disease category: A04: Other bacterial intestinal infections

What is Enteropathogenic Escherichia Coli infection?

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is a type of foodborne bacterial infection that can cause severe, watery diarrhea and other gastrointestinal symptoms in humans. EPEC is one of the most common causes of diarrhea in young children and infants in developing countries. This infection is caused by a type of E. coli bacteria that has the ability to attach to the small intestine and cause inflammation. EPEC infection is more common in areas with poor sanitation, as the bacteria is spread through contaminated water and food.

What are the Symptoms of EPEC?

The most common symptom of EPEC infection is watery diarrhea, which can last for several days. Other symptoms include abdominal cramps, fever, vomiting, and loss of appetite. These symptoms usually appear within two to three days after being exposed to the bacteria.

What are the Risk Factors for EPEC?

The main risk factor for EPEC infection is eating food or drinking water contaminated with the bacteria. People who travel to countries with poor sanitation or who eat food that has not been properly cooked are also at risk. In addition, young children and infants are more likely to get EPEC infection than adults.

How is EPEC Diagnosed?

EPEC infection can be diagnosed by taking a stool sample and testing it for the presence of the bacteria. Blood tests may also be used to detect the presence of the bacteria. In some cases, the doctor may order a culture of the stool sample to determine the strain of E. coli responsible for the infection.

How Can EPEC be Prevented?
  1. Wash hands thoroughly after using the bathroom and before preparing food.
  2. Cook food thoroughly and avoid eating raw or undercooked meats.
  3. Drink only boiled or treated water.
  4. Avoid eating food from street vendors.
  5. Wash fruits and vegetables before eating them.
  6. Dispose of pet waste properly.

Treatment of Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli infection:

Treatment Options for Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli Infection

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is a type of bacterial infection that affects the small and large intestines of humans. It is a common cause of diarrhea in young children, but can also affect adults. While many cases of EPEC can be treated at home, some more severe cases may require medical attention. Below ...

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