Degenerative myopia digital illustration

Degenerative myopia Save

ICD-10 code: H44.2

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Degenerative Myopia: Understanding the Causes and Symptoms

Degenerative myopia, also known as pathological myopia, is a severe form of nearsightedness that can lead to significant vision loss and even blindness. It occurs when the eyeball grows too long, causing the retina to stretch and thin. This condition is typically diagnosed in adolescence or early adulthood and can progress rapidly over time.

  1. Causes: The exact cause of degenerative myopia is unknown, but genetics are thought to play a significant role. If one or both parents have myopia, their children are more likely to develop the condition. Additionally, environmental factors such as excessive reading and close-up work can contribute to the development of degenerative myopia.
  2. Symptoms: The most common symptom of degenerative myopia is severe nearsightedness. People with this condition may have difficulty seeing objects in the distance but can see clearly up close. Other symptoms can include blurred vision, headaches, and eye strain. As the condition progresses, it can lead to more severe complications such as retinal detachment, glaucoma, and cataracts.
  3. Treatment: There is currently no cure for degenerative myopia, but several treatments can help manage the condition and prevent further vision loss. Corrective lenses such as glasses or contact lenses can help improve vision, and in some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair retinal damage. Additionally, lifestyle changes such as reducing close-up work and taking frequent breaks from screens can help prevent the condition from worsening.

If you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms of degenerative myopia, it is essential to see an eye doctor for a comprehensive eye exam. Early detection and treatment can help slow the progression of the condition and prevent severe complications from developing.

Overall, degenerative myopia is a severe form of nearsightedness that can have significant consequences for vision and overall eye health. While there is no cure, several treatment options are available to manage the condition and prevent further vision loss. By understanding the causes and symptoms of degenerative myopia, individuals can take steps to protect their eye health and preserve their vision for years to come.