Diphtheria digital illustration

Diphtheria Save

ICD-10 code: A36

Chapter: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

Diphtheria: A Dangerous Bacterial Infection

Diphtheria is a serious bacterial infection that can be fatal if left untreated. This disease is caused by a bacterium called Corynebacterium diphtheriae and it primarily affects the throat and upper respiratory system. Diphtheria is a vaccine-preventable disease, and the vaccine is highly effective in preventing the infection from occurring.

Symptoms of diphtheria can vary depending on the severity of the infection. Mild cases may present with a sore throat, low-grade fever, and mild fatigue. However, severe cases can result in difficulty breathing, heart failure, and paralysis.

  1. Transmission: Diphtheria is spread from person to person through respiratory droplets or by coming into contact with an infected person's skin lesions.
  2. Treatment: If left untreated, diphtheria can be fatal. Treatment typically involves antibiotics and antitoxin therapy to neutralize the toxins produced by the bacteria.
  3. Prevention: The best way to prevent diphtheria is through vaccination. The diphtheria vaccine is typically administered as part of a combination vaccine that also protects against tetanus and pertussis.
  4. Risk factors: People who have not been vaccinated against diphtheria or who have not received a booster shot in a while are at an increased risk of contracting the disease. Additionally, people who live in crowded or unsanitary conditions may be more likely to get infected.

It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect that you or someone close to you may have diphtheria. Early treatment can help prevent complications and reduce the risk of serious illness or death.

In conclusion, diphtheria is a serious bacterial infection that can be prevented through vaccination. Knowing the symptoms and risk factors can help you and your loved ones stay safe and healthy.