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Hydrocephalus Save

ICD-10 code: G91

Chapter: Diseases of the nervous system

Understanding Hydrocephalus: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Hydrocephalus is a neurological condition that occurs when there is an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain. This can lead to increased pressure inside the skull, which can cause various symptoms and complications.

The condition can affect anyone, but it is more common in infants and older adults. There are various causes of hydrocephalus, including congenital abnormalities, infections, head injuries, and tumors. In some cases, the cause of hydrocephalus is unknown.

Symptoms of Hydrocephalus

The symptoms of hydrocephalus can vary depending on the age of the patient and the severity of the condition. In infants, the symptoms may include:

  1. Enlarged head
  2. Bulging fontanelles (the soft spots on the head)
  3. Seizures
  4. Poor feeding
  5. Irritability and sleepiness

In older children and adults, the symptoms may include:

  1. Headache
  2. Nausea and vomiting
  3. Blurred vision
  4. Difficulty walking
  5. Memory problems
Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis of hydrocephalus involves a physical exam, imaging tests, and other diagnostic procedures. Treatment of the condition usually involves surgical intervention to relieve the pressure on the brain. This may involve the placement of a shunt, which is a device that helps drain the excess fluid from the brain to another part of the body where it can be absorbed.

In some cases, medication may be prescribed to manage the symptoms of hydrocephalus. Physical therapy and other supportive therapies may also be recommended to help patients manage their condition and improve their quality of life.


Hydrocephalus is a serious neurological condition that can have serious consequences if left untreated. If you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms of hydrocephalus, it is important to seek medical attention right away. With prompt diagnosis and treatment, many patients with hydrocephalus are able to manage their condition and live full, healthy lives.