Malignant neoplasm of larynx digital illustration

Malignant neoplasm of larynx Save

ICD-10 code: C32

Chapter: Neoplasms

Malignant Neoplasm of Larynx: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Malignant neoplasm of the larynx, also known as laryngeal cancer, is a type of cancer that affects the larynx or voice box. The larynx is a vital organ responsible for producing sound, breathing, and protecting the airway during swallowing.

The main cause of laryngeal cancer is smoking, with heavy smokers being at higher risk. Other risk factors include excessive alcohol consumption, exposure to secondhand smoke, and a family history of laryngeal cancer. Men are also more likely to develop laryngeal cancer than women.

Symptoms of Laryngeal Cancer

Common symptoms of laryngeal cancer include:

  1. Hoarseness or change in voice
  2. Difficulty or pain while swallowing
  3. A lump or swelling in the neck
  4. A persistent sore throat or cough
  5. Ear pain or hearing loss

If you experience any of these symptoms, it's important to see a doctor as soon as possible. Early detection and treatment of laryngeal cancer can improve the chances of successful recovery.

Treatment Options for Laryngeal Cancer

Treatment for laryngeal cancer will depend on the stage and location of the cancer. Options may include:

  1. Surgery to remove the cancerous tissue
  2. Radiation therapy to kill cancer cells
  3. Chemotherapy to destroy cancer cells
  4. A combination of the above treatments

Depending on the extent of the cancer, some patients may require a laryngectomy, which is the surgical removal of the larynx. This procedure will permanently change the way a person breathes and speaks, and a speech therapist may be required to help the patient learn to speak again.

Preventing Laryngeal Cancer

The best way to prevent laryngeal cancer is to avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. If you do smoke, quitting as soon as possible can significantly reduce your risk. Protecting yourself from secondhand smoke and maintaining good oral hygiene can also help lower your risk of developing laryngeal cancer.

In conclusion, laryngeal cancer is a serious condition that can affect the quality of life. Early detection and treatment are essential for a successful recovery. If you experience any symptoms of laryngeal cancer, it's crucial to see a doctor immediately.