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Obsessive-compulsive disorder Save

ICD-10 code: F42

Chapter: Mental and behavioural disorders

Understanding Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Obsessive-compulsive disorder, or OCD, is a mental health condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by unwanted, intrusive thoughts, images, or impulses (obsessions) that lead to repetitive behaviors or mental acts (compulsions) aimed at reducing anxiety or preventing harm.

People with OCD often feel trapped in a cycle of compulsive behavior that can significantly interfere with their daily lives. The good news is that OCD is treatable, and there are several effective therapies available that can help individuals manage their symptoms and improve their overall quality of life.

Symptoms of OCD

The symptoms of OCD can vary widely from person to person, but the most common ones include:

  1. Recurrent and persistent thoughts, images, or impulses that are intrusive, unwanted, and cause significant distress
  2. Repetitive behaviors or mental acts that are aimed at reducing anxiety or preventing harm
  3. The compulsive behaviors or mental acts are time-consuming and interfere with daily activities
  4. The person recognizes that their obsessions and compulsions are excessive or unreasonable, but they feel unable to resist them
  5. The symptoms cause significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning
Treatment for OCD

There are several effective treatments available for OCD, including:

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT): Therapy that helps individuals learn to recognize and change their obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors.
  • Exposure and response prevention (ERP): A type of CBT that involves gradually exposing individuals to their feared situations or objects and preventing them from engaging in compulsive behaviors.
  • Medications: Antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications can help reduce symptoms of OCD.

Treatment for OCD is often tailored to the individual and may involve a combination of therapies. It's essential to seek treatment from a mental health professional who specializes in OCD to ensure the most effective treatment plan.


Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a mental health condition that can significantly impact an individual's daily life. However, with the right treatment, it's possible to manage symptoms and improve overall quality of life. If you or someone you know is struggling with OCD, it's essential to seek help from a mental health professional who specializes in OCD.