Obstetrical tetanus digital illustration

Obstetrical tetanus Save

ICD-10 code: A34

Chapter: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

What is Obstetrical Tetanus?

Obstetrical Tetanus is a severe bacterial infection caused by Clostridium tetani bacteria. It is a rare but life-threatening condition that affects pregnant women and their newborns. The infection occurs when the bacteria enter the body through a cut or wound, and the bacteria release a toxin that affects the nervous system.

Symptoms of Obstetrical Tetanus

The symptoms of obstetrical tetanus can vary depending on the severity of the infection. Some of the most common symptoms include:

  1. Stiffness and spasms in the muscles
  2. Difficulty in swallowing or breathing
  3. Fever and sweating
  4. Headache and muscle pain
  5. Seizures and convulsions

If left untreated, obstetrical tetanus can lead to severe complications, such as respiratory failure, cardiac arrest, and even death.

Causes of Obstetrical Tetanus

The primary cause of obstetrical tetanus is an infection with the Clostridium tetani bacteria. The bacteria can enter the body through a cut or wound during childbirth or any other surgical procedure. The bacteria release a toxin that affects the nervous system and causes muscle stiffness and spasms.

Treatment of Obstetrical Tetanus

The treatment of obstetrical tetanus typically involves a combination of antibiotics and tetanus immunoglobulin. The antibiotics are used to kill the bacteria, while the immunoglobulin helps to neutralize the toxin released by the bacteria.

In severe cases, the patient may require hospitalization and mechanical ventilation to support breathing. It is essential to seek medical attention immediately if you or someone you know experiences any symptoms of obstetrical tetanus.

Prevention of Obstetrical Tetanus

The best way to prevent obstetrical tetanus is to ensure that all pregnant women receive adequate tetanus immunization. The World Health Organization recommends that all pregnant women receive at least two doses of tetanus toxoid vaccine. It is also essential to maintain good hygiene practices during childbirth and any other surgical procedures to prevent the entry of bacteria into the body.

In conclusion, obstetrical tetanus is a serious condition that can be prevented through vaccination and good hygiene practices. If you or someone you know experiences any symptoms of obstetrical tetanus, seek medical attention immediately.

Diagnosis Codes for Obstetrical tetanus | A34