Obstetrical tetanus digital illustration

Obstetrical tetanus Save

ICD-10 code: A34

Disease category: A34: Obstetrical tetanus

Obstetrical tetanus, also known as maternal and neonatal tetanus (MNT), is a severe bacterial infection caused by Clostridium tetani. This type of tetanus occurs when C. tetani spores, found in soil and animal feces, enter the body through an open wound during childbirth or an abortion. The infection is particularly dangerous for newborns, and it can be fatal if left untreated.

Symptoms of obstetrical tetanus typically appear within 5-14 days after infection. Early symptoms include muscle stiffness, cramping, and pain in the jaw and neck, followed by difficulty in opening the mouth and swallowing. As the infection progresses, muscle spasms and rigidity may occur, affecting the entire body. In severe cases, spasms can cause fractures, and respiratory failure can lead to death.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has identified obstetrical tetanus as a major public health issue in many developing countries, where limited access to health care and lack of immunization leave women and newborns at risk of the infection. The incidence of MNT has decreased significantly in recent years.

Treatment of Obstetrical tetanus:

Obstetrical tetanus is a life-threatening condition that affects women during pregnancy or childbirth. It is caused by the bacteria Clostridium tetani, which produces a toxin that affects the nervous system. The infection can lead to muscle stiffness, spasms, and contractions, including those in the muscles used for breathing, which can be fatal.

Treatment for obstetrical tetanus is essen...

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