Phlegmonous dacryocystitis digital illustration

Phlegmonous dacryocystitis Save

ICD-10 code: H04.31

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Understanding Phlegmonous Dacryocystitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Phlegmonous dacryocystitis is a rare medical condition that affects the lacrimal sac, which is responsible for draining tears from the eyes. This condition is caused by a bacterial infection that spreads to the lacrimal sac and causes inflammation and pus formation. Phlegmonous dacryocystitis can be a serious condition if left untreated, and it requires immediate medical attention.

Causes of Phlegmonous Dacryocystitis

The most common cause of phlegmonous dacryocystitis is a bacterial infection that enters the lacrimal sac through the nasolacrimal duct. This usually occurs as a result of a blockage or narrowing of the duct, which can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  1. Nasal polyps
  2. Chronic sinusitis
  3. Trauma to the face or nose
  4. Tumors or other growths
Symptoms of Phlegmonous Dacryocystitis

The symptoms of phlegmonous dacryocystitis can vary depending on the severity of the infection, but common symptoms include:

  1. Pain and swelling around the inner corner of the eye
  2. Redness and tenderness in the affected area
  3. Discharge of pus or other fluid from the eye
  4. Difficulty opening or closing the eye
  5. Fever and chills
Treatment for Phlegmonous Dacryocystitis

Phlegmonous dacryocystitis is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention. Treatment typically involves antibiotics to fight the bacterial infection and drainage of the pus from the lacrimal sac. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove any blockages or growths that are causing the infection.

If you experience any symptoms of phlegmonous dacryocystitis, it is important to seek medical attention right away. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications and improve your chances of a full recovery.