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Sleep related movement disorders Save

ICD-10 code: G47.6

Chapter: Diseases of the nervous system

Sleep Related Movement Disorders

Sleep Related Movement Disorders are a group of conditions that affect a person's ability to sleep. These disorders can cause a range of movements during sleep, from simple twitches to more complicated behaviors like sleepwalking. There are several types of Sleep Related Movement Disorders, and each has its own unique symptoms and treatment options.

  1. Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS): This condition is characterized by an uncontrollable urge to move the legs during sleep. People with RLS often describe a crawling or tingling sensation in their legs that can only be relieved by movement. Treatment options for RLS include medications and lifestyle changes, such as exercise and avoiding caffeine and alcohol.
  2. Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (PLMD): PLMD is a condition in which a person's leg or arm jerks or twitches during sleep. These movements can be so frequent that they disrupt sleep and cause daytime fatigue. Treatment for PLMD may include medications and lifestyle changes, such as avoiding alcohol and caffeine before bedtime.
  3. Narcolepsy: Narcolepsy is a condition in which a person experiences excessive daytime sleepiness and sudden episodes of sleep during the day. In addition, people with narcolepsy may experience cataplexy, a sudden loss of muscle tone triggered by strong emotions. Treatment for narcolepsy includes medications and lifestyle changes, such as taking short naps throughout the day.
  4. Sleepwalking: Sleepwalking is a condition in which a person gets out of bed and walks around while still asleep. People with sleepwalking may engage in other behaviors, such as talking or eating, while asleep. Treatment for sleepwalking may include medications and safety measures, such as locking doors and windows.

If you suspect that you have a Sleep Related Movement Disorder, it is important to talk to your doctor. Your doctor may refer you to a sleep specialist who can help diagnose and treat your condition. With proper treatment, many people with Sleep Related Movement Disorders can experience improved sleep and quality of life.