Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis digital illustration

Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis Save

ICD-10 code: A81.1

Chapter: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

Understanding Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a rare, progressive neurological disorder that affects the central nervous system. It is caused by the measles virus, which can remain in the body for years before causing symptoms.

The disease typically affects children and young adults who have had measles, but it can also occur in individuals who have not had measles but have received the measles vaccine.

  1. Symptoms
  2. The symptoms of SSPE usually develop years after the initial measles infection. They can include:

    • Changes in personality
    • Seizures
    • Loss of vision
    • Loss of muscle control
    • Dementia
  3. Diagnosis
  4. A diagnosis of SSPE is usually based on a combination of symptoms, medical history, and various tests, including brain imaging and a spinal tap to test for the presence of antibodies to the measles virus.

  5. Treatment
  6. There is no cure for SSPE, and treatment is mainly supportive. Medications to control seizures and muscle spasms may be prescribed, and physical therapy may be recommended to help maintain muscle tone and mobility.

  7. Prevention
  8. The best way to prevent SSPE is to ensure that children receive the measles vaccine. This vaccine is highly effective and has been proven to be safe.

While SSPE is a rare disease, it can have devastating consequences for those affected. Early diagnosis and treatment can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life.

If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of SSPE, it is important to see a healthcare provider as soon as possible.

Diagnosis Codes for Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis | A81.1