Tuberculosis of eye digital illustration

Tuberculosis of eye Save

ICD-10 code: A18.5

Chapter: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

Tuberculosis of the Eye: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Tuberculosis is a serious infectious disease that can affect various parts of the body, including the eyes. Tuberculosis of the eye, also known as ocular tuberculosis, is a rare but serious condition that can cause permanent damage to the eyes if left untreated. Here are some important things you need to know about this condition:

  1. Causes: Tuberculosis of the eye is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which can spread from other parts of the body to the eyes. It can also be spread through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
  2. Symptoms: The symptoms of tuberculosis of the eye can vary depending on the severity of the infection. Some common symptoms include eye pain, redness, blurred vision, sensitivity to light, and a feeling of pressure behind the eyes. In some cases, the infection can also cause the formation of granulomas, which are small nodules that can be seen on the surface of the eye.
  3. Diagnosis: Diagnosis of tuberculosis of the eye usually involves a comprehensive eye examination, along with blood tests and imaging tests such as CT scan or MRI. In some cases, a biopsy may be needed to confirm the diagnosis.
  4. Treatment: Treatment for tuberculosis of the eye usually involves a combination of antibiotics and steroids to help reduce inflammation and manage the infection. In severe cases, surgery may be needed to remove the infected tissue and prevent further damage. It is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible if you suspect you may have tuberculosis of the eye, as early treatment can help prevent permanent damage.

Prevention is key when it comes to tuberculosis of the eye. It is important to practice good hygiene, such as washing your hands frequently and avoiding close contact with people who may be infected. If you have been diagnosed with tuberculosis in another part of the body, it is important to notify your healthcare provider so that they can monitor your eyes for any signs of infection.

If you are experiencing any symptoms of tuberculosis of the eye, it is important to seek medical attention right away. With early diagnosis and treatment, most people are able to recover from this condition without any permanent damage to their vision.