Corneal deposits in metabolic disorders digital illustration

Corneal deposits in metabolic disorders Save

ICD-10 code: H18.03

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Understanding Corneal Deposits in Metabolic Disorders

Metabolic disorders are a group of diseases characterized by abnormal chemical reactions in the body. These disorders can affect various organs and tissues, including the cornea, which is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. Corneal deposits are a common manifestation of certain metabolic disorders, and they can have a significant impact on visual function.

  1. What are corneal deposits?
  2. Corneal deposits are abnormal accumulations of substances in the cornea. These substances can be lipids, proteins, or minerals and can deposit in different layers of the cornea. Depending on their location and size, corneal deposits can cause a range of visual disturbances, such as hazy or cloudy vision, glare, and halos around lights.

  3. Which metabolic disorders cause corneal deposits?
  4. Several metabolic disorders are associated with corneal deposits. These include:

    • Wilson's disease
    • Cystinosis
    • Galactosemia
    • Lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase deficiency (LCAT)
    • Schnyder corneal dystrophy
  5. How are corneal deposits diagnosed and treated?
  6. Corneal deposits are usually diagnosed through a comprehensive eye examination, which may include visual acuity tests, slit-lamp examination, and corneal topography. In some cases, a corneal biopsy may be necessary to identify the specific type of deposit.

    Treatment of corneal deposits depends on the underlying metabolic disorder. In some cases, medications or dietary modifications can help reduce the amount of deposited material. In more severe cases, corneal transplantation may be necessary to improve vision.

  7. Preventing corneal deposits
  8. Preventing corneal deposits involves managing the underlying metabolic disorder. This may include adhering to a specific diet, taking medications as prescribed, and monitoring any potential complications. Regular eye exams are also important to identify any changes in corneal health and function.

Corneal deposits can significantly impact visual function, and it's important to identify and manage any underlying metabolic disorders that may cause them. If you experience any changes in your vision, it's important to schedule an eye exam with your healthcare provider as soon as possible.